Child birth is usually accompanied with physical, psychological and emotions changes of which the mother should know how to cope with to ensure a smooth postpartum period. Child birth comes with mental changes known as postpartum depression this is as a result of hormonal changes triggering a lot of depression symptoms in the mother’s body; this is as a result of levels of estrogen and progesterone dropping down rapidly resulting in mental changes.
Dropping of the levels of thyroid hormones in the neck region are known to contribute to high levels of depression such as increased fatigue, decreased interest in things and depressed mood. The age at which one gets pregnant is a high determinant in postpartum depression with younger women more vulnerable. Bowel movements also start being painful and one may try to avoid them thus it is highly advised one to eat foods rich in fibers and drink lots of water. It may also come with the inability of the mother being able to control bowel movement especially after long labors.
Breasts after birth become heavy swollen and tender a condition usually known as engorgement and to ease this condition one is usually advised to use a breast pump to express milk, applying of cold wash cloths on the breasts can also help in easing the pain. Wearing of tight bra’s when breastfeeding can help stop milk production.
Pregnancy leads to changes of body shape and one usually looks flabby and out of shape but after birth women start losing weight with up to 10 pounds in a day including the weight of the baby and amniotic fluid. Mood swings may be evident as sadness anxiety and irritability start being a part of life in other mothers.
Hemorrhoids which are swollen painful blood vessels at the anus may come into play resulting in painful bowel movements. Lochia is another discharge that comes out through the vagina after child birth and comes out as a menstrual period due to the uterus shedding and renewing its lining. It is usually dark red in color having a non offensive odor during the first three days and later turns to pink in color.
Menstruation comes back within 8 weeks especially for mothers who are not breastfeeding their baby’s. Immediately after birth the mother may lose the sensation that her bladder is full thus highly recommended to try and urinate frequently this is usually to the nerves of the uterus and bladder being stretched during birth.